CSUEB Nursing Program Mission
The mission of the baccalaureate nursing program at CSUEB is the preparation of nurse generalists to meet the needs of the East Bay communities we serve. The work of the program is therefore focused primarily on undergraduate instructional activities and tailored to meet the needs of agencies in our service area.
The greater Bay Area in general and the East Bay specifically is comprised of urban, multiethnic, multicultural communities. The nursing program thus endorses and reflects the University mission of quality education for a diverse society. Faculty value a diverse workforce in nursing, a diverse nursing student body, and culturally competent practitioners of nursing at all levels in all settings.
CSUEB Nursing Program Philosophy
The primary purpose of the Cal State East Bay Nursing Program is to prepare competent beginning professional nurses. In that regard, the faculty believe that nursing includes provision of care and support to sick clients, facilitation of preventive health measures, and promotion of high levels of health.
Clients, whether they are individuals, families, groups, or communities, are multidimensional with physiologic, psychoemotional, social, spiritual, and cultural experiences. All of these factors have bearing on client well-being directly or indirectly as they may influence health care and lifestyle decisions. Like client needs, the healthcare system is complex. The faculty thus believe that interdisciplinary teams, characterized by collaboration among a variety of professionals, offer the richest approach to client care. Nurses bring a distinct set of knowledge, skills, and caring to such teams.
The faculty believe that caring is an essential element of nursing and that it requires sensitivity to clients' health and comfort across the dimensions of human experience. Caring requires respect for clients and belief in their fundamental dignity. Caring includes a commitment to assisting/supporting others. A sense of altruism forms the basis of caring.
Professional nurses are educated at the Baccalaureate level and draw on the discipline of nursing as well as other disciplines to create an amalgam of knowledge necessary to guide practice. The faculty values contributions from biological and behavioral sciences as well as arts and humanities. The faculty supports nursing science as the chief means of developing a codified knowledge base for the profession. A broad general education, knowledge base in supportive disciplines, and focused content in nursing theory, research and practice prepares the professional nurse for autonomous and interdependent practice.
Nurses use the nursing process to guide decision making with clients. Effective use of the nursing process requires communication and critical thinking skills such as analysis, interpretation, and drawing inferences from assessment data. The primary goal of the nurse in interaction with clients and other professionals is to promote adaptive exchanges.
People are in constant interaction with their internal and external environments, but adaptive exchanges with the environment are those that move clients closer to ideal health: the best possible level of function, a sense of safety, and a satisfactory level of challenge. Adaptive exchanges are also characterized by willingness to change and to seek accommodation from others. Nurses support adaptive exchanges by intervening in the process by which health problems or barriers to health evolve. Nurses may eliminate problems or barriers to health, increase the client's resistance to problems/barriers, and/or assist the client in dealing with the consequences of the problem. Nurses also may recruit others to intervene in the client's behalf or support the client's own efforts to help him-, herself.
Regardless of the number and types of interventions, professional nurses are mindful that client values must be taken into account when assessing their health status and establishing objectives of care. Thus, clients have the right to participate in health care decisions and may need assistance from nurses to access, interpret, and evaluate the plethora of information available in today's world of instant communication. Nurses provide care, promote health, and act as clients' teachers, consultants, and advocates in supporting adaptive exchanges.
The health care environment today is characterized by unprecedented opportunities for intervention but also growing health care costs. Access to health care is a problem for people at various socioeconomic levels and systems are often difficult to navigate for those who have access. In this context the faculty believe that health care is a right and the nursing profession has a responsibility to defend this right through client support, education, advocacy, and individual or collective involvement in formulation of health policy. Assisting clients with transitions across care environments is an example of helping clients navigate systems safely. Engaging communities as clients offers nurses an opportunity to identify problems in health care delivery and improve them for a discrete group of individuals. Nurses can help shape health policy by engaging in political processes related to health care delivery as individuals and/or as members of professional organizations.
Professional nurses are accountable for care they provide for individual clients as well as aggregates of clients. The faculty believe that delivery of high quality, cost-effective care requires that professional nurses use research findings establishing the efficacy of interventions. Nurses then must evaluate outcomes for their clients and client groups and provide leadership in improvement of client care.
The faculty believe that nurses are responsible to present themselves to the public and other health care providers as nursing professionals. This requires continuous learning pertinent to holistic client care. Professional nurses also recognize the role of appropriate values and ethics in clinical practice and decision-making and continually develop their personal systems of client-protective values and ethical frameworks consistent with the American Nurses Association [ANA] Code of Ethics for Nurses. The maturation of one's values and ethics is facilitated by self-evaluation and self-awareness. Only when nurses' values and ethics are explicated and evaluated can they be consciously brought to bear on professional communication and clinical decisions.
As teachers of professional nursing, the faculty sees learning as a reciprocal process between learner and teacher that results in behavior change. The faculty appreciates the diversity of students in terms of cultural backgrounds, ethnicity, lifestyles, goals, and age groups. All such factors create variety in students' life demands, supports, learning needs. The faculty value the richness and opportunity for learning that such diversity brings to the student group. Faculty recognize the need to support students' efforts to balance their lives with formal learning to maximize student success. At the same time, faculty appreciate the importance of nursing education to the quality of future practice and thus, maintain high standards for student achievement.
As designers of the structure in which learning takes place, faculty recognize that student learning styles differ. Because the faculty believe that active student involvement facilitates learning, we vary learning activities in order to address differing learning styles and engage students in active learning.
CSUEB Nursing Program Objectives
Graduates of the CSUEB Nursing Program will:
1. Synthesize knowledge from the natural, behavioral sciences and the humanities with current nursing knowledge and theory to deliver nursing care.
2. Provide safe, compassionate nursing care to a diverse client population.
3. Use critical thinking and communication skills to develop partnerships with clients and other health care professionals.
4. Function as a client advocate in the health care system.
5. Teach clients about the health care system and restoration, maintenance, and promotion of health.
6. Use leadership and management skills to provide care in the context of nursing teams.
7. Use research findings to design high quality, cost-effective care.
8. Demonstrate responsibility and accountability for design, delivery, and evaluation of client care.
9. Practice in a manner consistent with the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses.
10. Participate in processes designed to improve health care and health care delivery as an individual and/or as a member of a professional organization.
11. Demonstrate commitment to continuous learning to promote personal and professional growth.
12. Demonstrate professional behaviors in interactions with clients, families, colleagues, and the public.